A simple sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought, and it must have a subject and a verb (predicate – some grammar books use the word predicate, but I will use verb). A verb shows action or state of being. Examples: The bell rang. The boy is here. The subject tells who or what about the verb. Examples: The bell rang. The boyis here.
There are four (4) kinds of sentences: declarative, imperative, interrogative, and exclamatory.
1. A declarative sentence makes a statement. Example: The assignment is due tomorrow.
2. An imperative sentence gives a command or makes a request. Examples: Hand it in now. Stop.
3. An interrogative sentence asks a question. Example: Do you know the man?
4. An exclamatory sentence shows strong feeling. Declarative, imperative, or interrogative sentences can be made into exclamatory sentences by punctuating them with an exclamation point. Examples: The assignment is due tomorrow! Stop! Do you know the man!
When finding the subject and the verb in a sentence, always find the verbfirst and then say who or what followed by the verb. Example: The bell rang. Find the verb – rang. Now say who or what rang? The bell rang. Bell is the subject.
Instructions: Find the subject and verb in these sentences.
1. The programs are on the piano.
2. The kittens were under the straw stack.
3. He will be here soon.
4. The weather seems cooler.
5. The money must be on the table.
–For answers scroll down.
1. programs – subject, are – verb
2. kittens – subject, were – verb
3. he – subject, will be – verb (verb phrase using a helping verb will)
4. weather – subject, verb – seems
5. money – subject, verb – must be (verb phrase using a helping verb must)
These verbs are all state of being verbs.
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from Daily Grammar Lessons Blog