A participle is used as an adjective and ends various ways. A present participle always ends with ing as does the gerund, but remember that it is an adjective. A past participle ends with ed, n, or irregularly. Examples: played, broken, brought, sung, seeing, having seen, being seen, seen, having been seen. Participles modify nouns and pronouns and can precede or follow the word modified. (Do not confuse participles that end in ing with gerunds. Participles are used as adjectives; gerunds are used as nouns.)
A participial phrase is made up of a participle and any complements (direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives, or modifiers) like the gerund. A participial phrase that comes at the beginning of the sentence is always followed by a comma and modifies the subject of the sentence.
Participial phrases are useful in combining pairs of sentences.
Instructions: Combine the following sentences using a participial phrase following the word it modifies.
1. The woman fed the pigeons. The woman was sitting on the park bench.
2. Jeanne finished the painting last month. The painting was hanging on the wall.
3. I really liked the blue sports car. The car was sitting in the showroom.
4. That man makes jewelry. He is getting into his car.
5. I carefully wrapped the package to be sure it was done correctly. The package was lying on the desk.
–For answers scroll down.
1. The woman sitting on the park bench fed the pigeons.
2. Last month Jeanne finished the painting hanging on the wall.
3. I really liked the blue sports car sitting in the showroom.
4. That man getting into his car makes jewelry.
5. I carefully wrapped the package lying on the desk to be sure it was done correctly.
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from Daily Grammar Lessons Blog