5 Foundational Writers in Women’s History


Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Supreme Court justice and feminist, once said, “I would like in my lifetime to see women get fired up about the Equal Rights Amendment.”

Under the US Constitution, women are guaranteed the right to vote. The ERA would guarantee equal rights in all other areas of the law regardless of sex, but it isn’t part of the US Constitution yet. Ginsburg’s eighty-fifth birthday is on the 15th of March, which is also Women’s History Month. Are we fired up yet?

Since the women’s rights movement that began in the late nineteenth century, women authors have been a part of the fight to change the system. These authors and their notable works are outlined below.

Charlotte Perkins Gilman (1860–1935)

Charlotte Perkins Gilman was a novelist and poet who divorced her husband and gave him and his new wife custody of her daughter so she could pursue a life fighting for women’s rights. In Women and Economics (1898), Gilman demonstrated that women’s financial dependence on men made it nearly impossible for women to develop their talents fully. Herland (1915) is a utopian novel in which women reproduce asexually and live in a matriarchal society. Her best-known work, “The Yellow Wallpaper” (1892), is a semi-autobiographical account of a woman who suffers psychological distress after being confined to a room for three months as part of a “rest cure.” The short story illustrates how women need to be autonomous to thrive.

Kate Chopin (1850–1904)

Kate Chopin was ahead of her time in writing The Awakening (1899), which, much to her surprise, shocked readers and caused a literary scandal. The novel tells the story of a married woman’s “spiritual and erotic awakening” from marital and social conventions. The main character, Edna Pontellier, leaves her husband and children for a young man she falls in love with. But Edna is unable to maintain independence and has no support from society as a single woman. She decides there’s no place for a woman like her in the world and commits suicide. Chopin uses Edna’s story to demonstrate the barriers that discourage a young woman from departing from traditional gender roles.

Zora Neale Hurston (1891–1960)

Zora Neale Hurston, a novelist, short story writer, and anthropologist, is best known for her novel Their Eyes Were Watching God (1937), which depicts the lives of American blacks through the heroine Janie’s point of view. She is married to an older man whom she doesn’t love and runs away to be with another man. After he dies, she falls in love with a younger man. Janie goes against the traditional roles imposed on women while searching for her identity. She strives to maintain her independence while shunning the chauvinism of the black community.

Betty Friedan (1920–2006)

The Feminine Mystique (1963) purportedly spurred the second wave of the American women’s movement in the 1960s. Friedan conducted a survey of alumni of the Smith College, the school she attended, and found that many of the women surveyed who became housewives were unhappy with their lives. She was inspired to write about this subject and challenge the notion that women should content themselves with being married and having children and nothing more. After its publication, Friedan received hundreds of letters from unhappy housewives and formed the National Organization for Women, which is a nonprofit organization dedicated to women’s rights.

Alice Walker (1944- )

Alice Walker is a Pulitzer Prize–winning author and civil rights activist and editor. Celie, the protagonist of Walker’s novel The Color Purple (1982), is a poor African American woman from Georgia who struggles to overcome abuses from her childhood and gain self-respect. She depicts oppression in black communities not only of blacks by whites but also of black women by black men. Celie and other women stand up to the men and insist on fair treatment. Walker is a prolific poet and has published Once (1968), Revolutionary Petunias and Other Poems (1973), Horses Make a Landscape Look More Beautiful (1984) and Absolute Trust in the Goodness of the Earth: New Poems (2003).

These five authors help us track the evolution of the fight for women’s rights over the twentieth century, but the relevance of their characters’ struggles today proves that more work needs to be done. To quote Ruth Bader Ginsburg once more, “I’m sometimes asked when will there be enough [women on the Supreme Court]? And I say ‘When there are nine.’ People are shocked. But there’d been nine men, and nobody’s ever raised a question about that.”

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9 Smart Tips on How You Can Write a Memorable Bio

What do your professional bio and the Mona Lisa have in common? Right now, perhaps nothing. However, did you know that this famous painting is only 2’6” x 1’9”? Your bio, though slight, can be as memorable. Here are nine smart tips to get you started.

1. Follow the rules.

Most publishers, including websites, have guidelines for bio writing. For instance, the Indiana University Press allows you to mention only one type of publication—books. Before you begin, consult each organization’s submission guidelines.

2. Customize it.

Don’t even think about pasting the same old bio everywhere. In addition to differing requirements, each publication or site has a distinct purpose and audience. Your bio should reflect knowledge of the platform and highlight the aspects of your background that would most appeal to its readers. Your Twitter bio, for example, may be both more promotional and playful than a bio on your company’s website.

Here’s a tip:  Grammarly runs on powerful algorithms developed by the world’s leading linguists, and it can save you from misspellings, hundreds of types of grammatical and punctuation mistakes, and words that are spelled right but used in the wrong context. Learn More 

3. Start strong.

According to the Huffington Post, you have less than twenty seconds to grab the attention of an average reader. The first line shouldn’t drily state your name and how many years you’ve been writing. Below, Erik Larson’s bio leads with an outstanding achievement. Barbara Park’s draws attention to the comedic nature of her novels. How can you start your bio off with a bang?

Erik Larson is the author of five New York Times bestsellers, most recently Dead Wake: The Last Crossing of the Lusitania, which hit #1 on the Times list soon after launch.
Barbara Park was best-known as the creator and author of the New York Times bestselling Junie B. Jones series, the stories of an outrageously funny kindergartener who has kept kids (and their grownups) laughing—and reading—for over two decades.

4. Keep it concise.

If you’re limited to a few lines, like on a Twitter or Instagram profile, make those sentences count. Build as much relevant information as possible into one statement. Compare the first (fake) excerpt, which wastes space stating the person’s name and what they do, and the second (real) excerpt, which skillfully merges those details to create a concise statement.

Mark Levy now works at Levy Innovation. Previously, he worked as a Chief Marketing Officer for a branding company.
Before devoting his work full time to Levy Innovation, Mark [Levy] served as Chief Marketing Officer at an Inc. 5,000 experiential branding organization, whose clients include Bank of America, Gap, Samsung, Time Warner, Tivo, and Harvard and Stanford Universities.



5. Choose carefully between first or third person voice.

The choice of first- or third-person voice depends on your platform and audience. If you are writing on your personal blog, for example, first person may be most appropriate. On the other hand, most formal journals feature third-person biographies. Extremely informal biographies use implied first person—without mentioning your name or the “I” pronoun.

First person: I am a contributor for Grammarly. I have 15 years of experience in writing and editing. I love my dogs.

Implied first person: Contributor for Grammarly with 15 years of experience in writing and editing. Dog person.

6. Establish credibility.

A bio is an opportunity to tell the audience why they should trust you. Select your most impressive educational accomplishments and experience, but make sure that they are relevant to the topic. For example, don’t list your master’s thesis about medical pathology if you’re writing a biography about your new career in marketing. The reader should trust that you know what you’re talking about by the end.

7. Make sure your words complement your picture.

You know how many words a picture is worth, right? If you’ve gone through the trouble of hiring a professional photographer to shoot a headshot, your words should match up. Do your words make you appear as likable, authentic, and warm as your photograph? If the answer is no, you have revising to do.

8. Advertise.

The objective of an author’s bio is not only to help readers get to know you. You want the reader to know where to find more of your work. So, tell them where they can find it. After all, social media sites drive 31% of all website referral traffic. Adding a hyperlink to your Twitter profile, website, blog, or marketplace is a smart way to gain exposure.

9. Show readers what’s in it for them.

On the surface, your bio may appear to be all about you. However, you really want the readers to see how they will benefit from your work. Here’s an example that entices cooking enthusiasts with the promise of simple, tasty recipes:

Chungah Rhee is the founder, recipe developer, and photographer of Damn Delicious. What began as a grad school hobby is now a top food blog, with millions of readers coming to her site for easy weeknight recipes and simplified gourmet meals.”

Okay, the opening statement was an exaggeration. Your author’s bio will never be as famous as the Mona Lisa. But your bio can be a masterpiece of its own. Which tip will you try first?

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5 Guidelines to Make our Community Better

Happy Grammar Day!

To celebrate this fine day, we usually do something fun with our community. In years past, we’ve helped folks test their grammar skills and have shared interesting tidbits about the evolution of language. This year, we want to start off by thanking you for being such an awesome community of writers, word-nerds, and communication enthusiasts. (And if you’re new here, welcome!)

A few veteran grammar fans may have noticed some changes in our blog and social community this past year. Specifically, we’ve begun responding to some of your comments to connect you with support, ask you for product feedback, and celebrate your accomplishments. These changes have been the first step toward our goal of helping you be heard and understood.

We’re excited to let you know that we’re introducing another update to our community. It’s time to make the community a more inviting place. With that in mind, we want to share brand new guidelines that will help us build stronger connections with each other.

1. Be kind to those who aren’t like you.

We strive to empower our community so you can learn from one another. Let’s make sure people of all backgrounds, identities, and beliefs feel welcome. We won’t tolerate harassment, lewdness, or hate speech.

If we observe this behavior or receive a valid complaint about your conduct, we’ll remove your comment and/or ban you from our pages. Comments that we find to be inflammatory will also be removed. This applies to all comments on our blog and Facebook posts, as well as on Twitter. Every person in our community deserves safety and respect.

2. Support growth along different paths.

Communication is hard! Just because someone has a different perspective than you doesn’t necessarily mean they’re wrong. Recognize that language and conventions evolve. Plus, we’ve all had unique experiences that influence how we express ourselves, and there are many ways to communicate well.

Please stay mindful of this, assume others have good intentions, and embrace different perspectives as you debate and converse with each other.

3. Stay constructive when helping others.

Nobody’s perfect. But mistakes shouldn’t be a source of shame—after all, they’re opportunities to learn. Stay positive, helpful, and encouraging, especially when someone makes an error. Progress matters more than perfection.

The Grammarly community is a place to be proud of helping and supporting others. You’ll certainly have our gratitude!

4. Don’t spam the community.

We want to make this community enjoyable for everyone. Spammy behavior ranges from submitting unrelated, self-promotional links to flooding posts or tweets with the same comment over and over again.

5. Stay on topic.

It’s natural for conversations to meander, but please try to stay on topic when participating in a thread. This helps keep things organized and makes it much easier for others to follow along.

Have questions? Read on. We’ve rounded up some helpful information about our community.

I have a problem. How do I get in touch with Grammarly?

If you are a registered user and need assistance, please visit our helpdesk or submit a request. We do not provide phone support at this time, but we would love to help you.

I left a comment on your blog. Why hasn’t it shown up?

We premoderate all comments on our blog, which is why they might not appear right away. We do our best to address these in a timely fashion, and we appreciate your patience.

What should I do if I have other questions?

Never fear! Feel free to ask your questions right here in the comments. We’re also always standing by on Twitter or on Facebook.


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Lesson 370 – Mechanics – Punctuation – Commas

Use a comma or commas to separate the exact words of the speaker from the rest of the sentence unless the sense of the sentence requires some other punctuation. (In quoted words, the comma always goes inside the quotation marks.) Examples: “I can help you now,” said the clerk. The clerk said, “I can help you now.” You do not use a comma when you start a new sentence after the explanatory words. Example: “I did it,” he said. “Leave me alone.”
Instructions: Place commas or other punctuation where they are needed.
1. “I will comply with the rules ” he said “Then I will work to change them.”
2. “Will the rain continue ” the woman asked “I need to work outdoors.”
3. “I am glad I missed the game ” Jim said “They played so poorly.”
4. “Are you going next week ” she asked “I will not be here then.”
5. “When you finish your projects ” the teacher remarked “put them in the basket for grading.”
–For answers scroll down.

1. “I will comply with the rules,” he said. “Then I will work to change them.”
2. “Will the rain continue?” the woman asked. “I need to work outdoors.”
3. “I am glad I missed the game,” Jim said. “They played so poorly.”
4. “Are you going next week?” she asked. “I will not be here then.”
5. “When you finish your projects,” the teacher remarked, “put them in the basket for grading.”

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in eBook and Workbook format.
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Everything You Need to Know on How to Write a Movie Review

You love watching movies. You show up early and breathe in the trailers, mentally noting each coming attraction you’d like to see—which is most of them. You invite your friends to linger afterward so you can discuss and digest the film’s best, worst, and most intriguing aspects.

If this sounds like you, you might already be a film critic at heart. But it takes some effort to structure your thoughts, so it’s good to have a place to start. Here’s everything you need to know about writing movie reviews:

Some details are essential.

Film criticism is a wide-open art form—there is no cookie-cutter template to follow. But there are a few facts that anyone reading your review should take away:

  • Who directed the movie?
  • Who starred in it?
  • Is it a sequel, adaptation, or remake?

Some publications, like Variety, simply list the director and key actors near the top of each review. But others, like The New Yorker—where the erudite Anthony Lane reigns supreme—instead weave in such information throughout the piece.

If you opt for the latter approach, throw in some helpful context as you go. Not every reader of your review of The Shape of Water will recognize Guillermo del Toro’s name, but mentioning his earlier works, like Pan’s Labyrinth, might jog a few memories.

Here’s a tip:  Grammarly runs on powerful algorithms developed by the world’s leading linguists, and it can save you from misspellings, hundreds of types of grammatical and punctuation mistakes, and words that are spelled right but used in the wrong context. Learn More 

Other bits are fine to leave out.

While it’s good to provide context, don’t overdo it. One or two telling details will often suffice—no need to recapitulate anyone’s entire filmography. Likewise, if your review includes a comprehensive summary of the movie’s plot, you’re doing it wrong.

To be sure, you need to make clear whether the movie is a soft-spoken arthouse film or the latest installment in the ever-growing pantheon of big-budget superhero flicks, and whether it’s set in 9th century China or on Mars. Beyond that, it’s almost never a service to the reader to spoil the twist that sets up the third act. Leave some suspense intact.

How do I decide what makes the cut?

As a test, when you’re not sure a particular detail merits inclusion, ask yourself: If I omit this, and a reader later learns it elsewhere, will they feel like I blew it?

You don’t want someone to finish your review of Lady Bird, go see it, and only later feel astonished to discover that, like her film’s protagonist, director Greta Gerwig attended Catholic school in Sacramento, and drew from that experience in writing Saoirse Ronan’s character.

Such information should not be news to your audience; they read your review, after all.

Ratings systems might just be overrated.

Film reviews are subjective. You’re under no obligation to rate movies on a hard scale—A+, 9/10, a solid four coffin emojis out of six feet under, etc.

In fact, many a movie buff scoffs at the notion of dispensing just a single award, Oscar or otherwise, for Best Picture. Trying to pit such dissimilar films as Get Out or The Post against Dunkirk, the argument goes, is absurd.

Rather than grasp for an arbitrary value, state plainly what a movie called to mind, or how it didn’t quite land with you, and explain why.

Study the greats.

There’s no shortage of opinions on movies in the world, but try focusing on one or two critics whose work resonates with you. Make a habit of examining their latest each week. Look for patterns. Try to notice what they’re noticing.

The most telling reviews sometimes occur when a critic singles out something bizarre for praise. Would you have bet on the aforementioned Lane to laud a documentary about a dumb Canadian metal band from the 1980s?

Both Lane and New York Times longtimer A.O. Scott were influenced by the legendary Pauline Kael, who Roger Ebert eulogized in 2001 for having “a more positive influence on the climate for film in America than any other single person over the last three decades.”

https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js Every name in the above paragraph is worth knowing, as is one other veteran critic and fan of Kael: Amy Nicholson. Her podcast The Canon debates in exacting detail which films deserve to live on for all time, sometimes pitting classics brutally against each other, and features a rotating guestlist of equally sharp critics.

Your job’s not done if you haven’t considered…

To instill trust in your readers, you have to think and write about movies holistically. You might have strong opinions on martial arts and Victorian fashion, but your audience will doubt you if you judge a film solely on its action sequences or costuming.

True, many viewers of, say, Blade Runner 2049 are watching for robots, uppercuts, and noir, but a good critic is alive not just to the quality of the special effects but also the visual storytelling—the malevolent buildup surrounding the movie’s villains, say, or the occasional comedic beat between Ryan Gosling and Harrison Ford.

In this spirit, you’d be remiss to ignore:

  • The quality of the acting
  • Whether the camerawork held your interest and felt deliberate
  • Whether the world felt inhabited or thrown together

If that all seems like a lot to hold in your mind until the movie ends and you can start writing, we have one more tip:

Take notes.

In a dark theater, you generally can’t pull out your smartphone or tablet to dash off ideas on a glowing screen without getting hissed at and asked to leave. Fortunately, film critics whose careers predate such devices have devised this alternative—take a notebook and pen.

You may need some time (and practice) to decipher what you’ve scrawled in the dark. But as the house lights come up, try looking back through your scribbles and add clarifications or more details while your memory is fresh.

You don’t want your final draft to read like you wrote it while watching movies in the dark. Grammarly’s free app can help tidy up those reviews before they go out. Find out more here.


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How to Write a Letter of Appreciation: Helpful Tips and Examples

We get plenty of help from others during the course of our lives, and it’s never a bad idea to say “Hey, thanks for the assist!” Writing a letter of appreciation to someone who’s lent you a hand makes it more likely that those who’ve helped you will do so again when you need them.

Why Write an Appreciation Letter?

Grateful people tend to be happier. There’s even research that says so. We get a psychological boost when we express our gratitude.

Being appreciated matters to people we know, too. When we make it a habit to notice the things that others do well or the ways in which they help us, we give them a boost that encourages them to keep doing their best.

Feeling genuinely appreciated lifts people up. At the most basic level, it makes us feel safe, which frees us to do our best work. It’s also energizing. When our value feels at risk, as it so often does, that worry becomes preoccupying, which drains and diverts our energy from creating value.

Tony Schwartz, “Why Appreciation Matters So Much”

Expressing thankfulness to colleagues and friends lets them know that their efforts haven’t gone unnoticed. It’s also a gesture that people are likely to remember, and one that will leave them with a favorable impression of you.

Here’s a tip:  Grammarly runs on powerful algorithms developed by the world’s leading linguists, and it can save you from misspellings, hundreds of types of grammatical and punctuation mistakes, and words that are spelled right but used in the wrong context. Learn More 

How to Write a Letter of Appreciation

Your appreciation letter doesn’t have to be long or effusive. Keep it simple and sincere. Here’s what to include.


In most cases, “Hi [Name]” will do. In more formal correspondence, like when you’re writing to your boss, a hiring manager, or your professor, “Dear [Name]” is a better choice. In very formal correspondence, use “Dear Ms/Mr. [Last Name],” instead.

RELATED: How to Start an Email

Your appreciation letter doesn’t have to be long or effusive. Keep it simple and sincere.


Name the thing the recipient helped you with. Although it’s fine to express general gratitude from time to time (“Thanks for always being willing to lend a hand when I need you”), referring to a specific event is more effective (“Thanks for putting in extra time to make our presentation a success.”)

Give a few specific details. You could include things that the person did that were especially useful, or give an example of how the person went above and beyond. Details show the person you’re corresponding with that you were paying attention to their efforts.


End the letter with a closing line and your signature. “Thanks again” is always a good choice. Here’s more advice on how to end an email if you’d like a different close.

Here’s a tip: Email is a fine way to send a letter of appreciation, especially if you want it to reach someone quickly. But in certain high-stakes cases, such as after a job interview in a formal business setting like a law office, a handwritten letter could be the way to go. Consider the situation and make an appropriate choice.

Sample Letters of Appreciation

Here are a few examples of appreciation letters for different scenarios. Use them for inspiration, but be sure your own letter is personalized and heartfelt. Canned correspondence won’t do when you’re trying for genuine gratitude.

Sample Letter of Appreciation for Good Work

Hi Mark,

Thank you for escorting our guest speakers during the workshop last week. You went out of your way to make everyone feel comfortable, which allowed me to focus on setting up the AV equipment and running sound checks.

I spotted you not only getting people their presentation materials but also fetching water and coffee. If anyone needed anything, you were there to provide it for them. All of our speakers mentioned how helpful you were. Your thoughtfulness and attention to detail helped forge lasting relationships. We couldn’t have done it without you!

Thanks again,


Sample Letter of Appreciation to a Boss (Formal)

Dear Ms. Latham,

I’d like to express my deepest appreciation for your excellent mentoring during my internship at Latham & Sons. You not only celebrated my wins, you turned every mistake into a learning opportunity. Your guidance has been influential, and I know it will shape my developing skills and habits as I move into my professional career.

Warmest regards,


Sample Letter of Appreciation to an Employee

Hi Imani,

I want to tell you how much I appreciate your help getting our store ready for opening day. You worked hard, and you were always willing to put in extra time if the situation called for it. I’m grateful for your attention to detail—our displays look amazing as a result of your skills.

I’m confident you’ll be a great asset to the business and an excellent resource for customers now that we’ve opened our doors to the world. Keep up the good work!

Thanks again,


Here’s a tip: Whether you’re a boss or employee, it makes sense to treat letters of appreciation as documentation—you’re making note of someone’s performance (or they’re making note of yours.) Keep letters of appreciation in personnel files if you’re an employer, or save them for your records if you’re an employee. You never know when they’ll be useful.

Sample Letter of Appreciation for Support

Dear Jordan,

Thank you for your support during my family crisis. I’m deeply grateful not only for you covering my workload while I was away but also for the times you checked in on me. Knowing you had my back allowed me to focus on my family’s needs, which is a kindness I’ll never forget. I appreciate everything you’ve done more than you’ll ever know.

Thanks again,


The post How to Write a Letter of Appreciation: Helpful Tips and Examples appeared first on Grammarly Blog.

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Lesson 369 – Punctuation – Commas

Use a comma or commas to separate the exact words of the speaker from the rest of the sentence unless the sense of the sentence requires some other punctuation. (In quoted words, the comma always goes inside the quotation marks.) Examples: “I can help you now,” said the clerk. The clerk said, “I can help you now.”
Instructions: Place commas or other punctuation where they are needed.
1. “I think” Marie answered “that I can help you tomorrow.”
2. “I know” she replied “the answer to that question.”
3. “No” he called after her “I won’t forget the appointment!”
4. “Come with me” pleaded the teacher “and you will not be disappointed.”
5. “Did you see” Curtis asked “the plane go down?”
–For answers scroll down.
1. “I think,” Marie answered, “that I can help you tomorrow.”
2. “I know,” she replied, “the answer to that question.”
3. “No,” he called after her, “I won’t forget the appointment!”
4. “Come with me,” pleaded the teacher, “and you will not be disappointed.”
5. “Did you see,” Curtis asked, “the plane go down?”

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook and a Workbook format.
from Daily Grammar Lessons Blog

9 Signs You Absolutely Nailed Your Job Interview

If there’s one thing that drives people crazy when applying for jobs, it’s the uncertainty. Of course, you always want to get a job offer, but if recruiters give you prompt feedback on your application status—even if it’s negative—you can generally deal with it pretty well. But those days after an interview where you aren’t quite sure where you stand can be simply maddening, especially if you feel like you did a pretty good job.

While you’ll probably never be able to tell with one hundred percent certainty which way a recruiter is leaning, there are a few signs you can look out for that indicate good news. So the next time you get the urge to pester your recruiter or agonize over a mental play-by-play of the interview, take a breath and simply reflect on whether these nine good omens were present.

1. You Hear “When,” Not “If”

Interviewers try not to get candidates’ hopes up, so they’ll often speak in generalities like “the person in this position would do XYZ,” or “if hired, you would start at this time.” But if they strongly believe that you’re the right person for the job, it may unintentionally come across in their word choice.

“Language like, ‘this is where you’ll be working,’ or ‘our receptionist will help you get settled after HR training,’ are strong indicators that they are thinking about you as the person who fills the position,” says April Klimkiewicz, career coach and owner of bliss evolution. “Listen for verbal cues like this that strongly indicate they are envisioning you working there.”

2. Their Body Language Gives It Away

On a similar note, even if an interviewer is trying to play it cool, their body language may hint at their enthusiasm for you as a candidate.

“Head nodding, foot movements, agreeable ‘mhmms’ and other noises are sure signs that they want you,” says Valerie Streif, Senior Adviser at Mentat.

“People don’t realize how much of their inner thoughts and opinions they give away from these little movements!”

Here’s a tip:  Grammarly runs on powerful algorithms developed by the world’s leading linguists, and it can save you from misspellings, hundreds of types of grammatical and punctuation mistakes, and words that are spelled right but used in the wrong context. Learn More 

3. The Conversation Turns Casual

The meat of an interview is going to be all business—after all, that’s how an interviewer determines whether or not you’re well-suited for the job. But if, after that, things veer towards the conversational, that’s a great sign.

“If at some point the hiring manager stops talking business, and the interview turns more into a casual, friendly conversation, it’s a sure sign the hiring manager is impressed,” says Matthew Kerr, career adviser at Resume Genius. “It shows they are already satisfied you are qualified to perform the job, and now have a genuine interest in getting to know you better in hopes you will join the team.”

4. They Indicate That They Like What They Hear

Sometimes, your interviewers might be so clear-cut as to straight up tell you that you’ve got the skills and experience they’re seeking.

“[If] you ask, ‘What does your ideal candidate for this position look like?’ at the end of the interview, and they answer with ‘Well, when you talked about [a specific project or attribute], you summed it up. That’s exactly what we’re looking for…’ this is a strong indicator that they think you’re an excellent fit for the role,” Klimkiewicz says.


5. You Keep Meeting More Team Members

It might be exhausting to be introduced to team member after team member during a marathon in-person interview, but rest assured, this bodes well for your candidacy.

“For me, one of the top signs that you nailed the interview is the interviewer grabbing other people to talk to you while you’re there or booking you to talk to other people before you leave,” says Jill Santopietro Panall, HR consultant and owner of 21Oak HR Consulting, LLC. “If it does happen, I would think it’s because the interviewer really likes you and wants to get other decision makers to weigh in.”

6. They Start Talking Perks

If interviewers go from making you prove that you’re a good fit for the job to highlighting all the great things their company has to offer, you know that you’re in their good graces.

“Once they’ve made their decision that they want you to work there, they switch gears completely and try to sell the company to you, so that in case you’ve interviewed at multiple places, you’ll choose to take their offer,” Streif explains. “This is also a clear sign because if they didn’t want you to work with them, why would they spend more time in the interview then they’d need to?”

7. The Interview Runs Over

Along the same lines, the interview taking longer than expected in general could be a sign that you passed with flying colors.

“Not everyone has spare time after the interview, but if you know they’re cutting into their lunch break just to talk to you a little while longer, that is a sign that they think you would be a good fit for the role and want to get to know you even better,” Klimkiewicz shares.

Keep in mind, though, that this is largely context dependent — if you’re running over because the interviewer keeps rephrasing the same questions over and over, for example, they may feel you’re not giving clear enough answers. But on the other hand, if they seem genuinely enthusiastic and excitedly dive into a variety of topics, that’s probably a good thing.

8. You Get Details on Next Steps

Obviously, if someone says something like “we’ll reach out next week with an offer,” you’ve got it in the bag — but next steps don’t have to be that specific to suggest interest from the employer. If, for example, “the hiring manager shakes your hand with a smile, and says something along the lines of, ‘We’ll be in contact with you soon,’ it shows they are eager to hire you,” Kerr says. “On the other hand, a phrase such as, ‘We’ll get back to you,’ usually expresses disinterest.”



9. Your Follow-Up Emails Get an Immediate, Positive Response

Interviewers are usually meeting with a number of people, most of whom will send them a thank-you email right after the interview. Realistically, interviewers don’t always have the bandwidth to promptly reply to those notes, especially if they’re from candidates who were less than compelling. So if they take the time to respond to yours quickly and graciously, that may signal interest.

“Nowadays, it’s common courtesy to send an email to thank the hiring manager for the interview. If they respond quickly to your email and thank you in turn for coming in, get your pen ready to sign a contract,” Kerr suggests. “Not only does it show they were impressed with you, but [also that] they are interested to the point where they dropped what they were doing just to respond to you.”

A version of this post originally appeared on Glassdoor’s blog.

More from Glassdoor:

The Ultimate Guide to Analyzing a Company’s Glassdoor Page

10 Smart Ways to Improve Your Chances for a Raise

8 Honest Reasons You Didn’t Make It Past the First Interview

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Lesson 368 – Mechanics – Punctuation – Commas

Use a comma or commas to separate the exact words of the speaker from the rest of the sentence unless the sense of the sentence requires some other punctuation. (In quoted words, the comma always goes inside the quotation marks.) Examples: “I can help you now,” said the clerk. The clerk said, “I can help you now.”
Instructions: Place commas or other punctuation where they are needed.
1. “What time is it ” she asked.
2. “Come with me ” said the guide.
3. “Don’t leave me ” shouted the little girl.
4. The man replied “I believe you.”
5. The passenger inquired “What time is it?”
–For answers scroll down.

1. “What time is it?” she asked.
2. “Come with me,” said the guide.
3. “Don’t leave me!” shouted the little girl.
4. The man replied, “I believe you.”
5. The passenger inquired, “What time is it?”

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook and a Workbook format.
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7 Reasons to Interrupt Your Colleagues, Debunked

If you find yourself frequently talking over your coworkers, you may find yourself with a bad reputation, according to a study published in the Journal of Nonverbal Behavior. You may not even know you’ve been doing it, but it’s in your best interest to stop talking and start listening.

It may feel like you have good reasons to say what you’re thinking right when you want to, but further examination may help you reconsider when you express yourself.

You interrupt because. . .

1. You don’t want to forget what you were going to say

Sure, you don’t want your important thought to slip away. But talking over someone may cause the person talking to forget their brilliant idea, too. Instead, jot down a keyword on a notepad to jog your memory later. Doing so during a meeting is a win-win; it may increase the perception that you’re paying close attention. And if you forget despite your notes, you can probably assume that what you planned to say wasn’t important enough to justify an interruption.

2. You want to avoid an awkward silence

Do conversational pauses make you anxious? If so, you may chatter to fill them and unintentionally steamroll your conversational partner. The next time a chat lags, mentally count to ten. Likely, you’ll discover that the pauses that seem an eternity are really only a few seconds long. And if you smile or nod encouragingly to your partner, that person may fill the silence.

Here’s a tip:  Grammarly runs on powerful algorithms developed by the world’s leading linguists, and it can save you from misspellings, hundreds of types of grammatical and punctuation mistakes, and words that are spelled right but used in the wrong context. Learn More 

3. Your mind is on other things

If you’re distracted by another project or by something going on in your life, it’s not the ideal time to engage in conversation. Suggest having the conversation when you’re ready to give your conversant your full attention. That way, you won’t miss any crucial information that he or she may have to share. MaraLee McKee, a public speaker on social etiquette, suggests wording like: “I can see you need a listening ear, Shelly. I’m in the middle of another [project] that needs my attention. Let’s talk about this tomorrow when you have my full attention. You can call or text me anytime after 4:30 p.m.” At the appointed time, set aside unnecessary distractions—emails, social media, games, etc—during the conversation.

4. You don’t understand what the person is saying

You could make the argument that it’s OK to interrupt a speaker if you need clarification. However, in most cases, it’s best to wait—you might find that your question is answered later or the speaker welcomes questions at the end of their statement.

5. You don’t like what you’re hearing

In the workplace, disagreements are inevitable. But if you listen to the opinion of someone you disagree with, you will be well-informed when you present your side. In addition, your colleagues will be more likely to listen to you if they feel you sincerely attempted to understand their point of view.

6. You’re accustomed to interruptions in your culture

You might assume that everyone takes interruptions as lightly as you do, but some people view cutting into a conversation as a sign of disrespect, disinterest, or dominance. If you have a multicultural workplace, you might want to research the cultural norms of your coworkers. Or, err on the side of caution and minimize interruptions as much as possible.

7. You want to control the direction of a conversation

Most conversations don’t need to follow a strict agenda, but you may need to redirect the participants of a business meeting if they stray too far from the meeting’s purpose. The Harvard Business Review suggests using the “jellyfish ground rule” to remind others to stay on task: Before a meeting begins, invite members to use “jellyfish” or any other silly, non-offensive term as a signal that the discussion has deviated from the plan. Since the method involves everyone, you relieve yourself of the burden of controlling the conversational flow by yourself. It also brings a lighthearted element to a normally serious environment.

To prevent your colleagues from forming a negative opinion of you, interrupt less and listen more. You will be surprised how much you can improve your professional relationships!

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